5Cr2NiMoVSi steel is a large section hot forging die steel with high hardenability. When the steel is heated, the austenite grain growth tendency is small, the heating temperature range of heat treatment is wide, and the steel has good thermal stability, thermal fatigue performance and impact toughness. It is suitable for manufacturing hot dies for large section presses and die forging hammers.

Chemical Composition of 5Cr2NiMoVSi Steel Material%

Mechanical Properties of 5Cr2NiMoVSi Steel

Rp0.2 (MPa)
Rm (MPa)
KV/Ku (J)
A (%)
Reduction in cross section on fracture
Z (%)
As-Heat-Treated ConditionBrinell hardness (HBW)
185 (≥)113 (≥)411144Solution and Aging, Annealing, Ausaging, Q+T,etc214

Physical properties of 5Cr2NiMoVSi Steel

Modulus of elasticity
Mean coefficient of thermal expansion 10-6/(°C) between 20(°C) andThermal conductivity
Specific thermal capacity
Specific electrical resistivity
(Ω mm²/m)
Poisson’s coefficient, ν
21  0.14 
3984233.2  213424

Heat Treatment 


考虑到淬火温度提高将会对塑韧性带来不利的影响,我们采用 985℃淬火。第1次回火根据模具的设计硬度,按照材料的回火曲线选择回火温度,目的是使其达到使用要求的硬度,第2次回火温度较第1次低20~40℃,这样就可以让第1次回火冷却过程中由残余奥氏体转变成的马氏体也可以回火。

Preheat at 650 ℃, quench at 985 ℃ and temper twice. Preheating at 650 ℃ is adopted to reduce thermal stress and prevent deformation and cracking. Increasing the quenching temperature will further increase the same fire stability of steel.

Considering that the increase of quenching temperature will have an adverse effect on plastic toughness, we adopt 985 ℃ quenching. For the first tempering, the tempering temperature is selected according to the design hardness of the die and the tempering curve of the material in order to make it meet the hardness required for use. The second tempering temperature is 20 ~ 40 ℃ lower than the first tempering, so that the martensite transformed from residual austenite during the cooling process of the first tempering can also be tempered.

Features and Application

  • 淬透性好 保证了模具基体的强韧性。由子该钢合金元素含量高,且各主要元素均可提高淬透性,所以该钢具有良好的淬透性,保证了模具热处理后的基体强度。


(3)较好的抗氧化性,该钢Cr含量较高.而且加入了S,抗氧化性能明显提高。锻至 4300 件时模其槽内仍较光亮,降低了摩擦系数,减轻了模具磨损。

(1) Good hardenability ensures the strength and toughness of the die matrix. Due to the high content of alloy elements and the improvement of hardenability of main elements, the steel has good hardenability and ensures the matrix strength after die heat treatment.

(2) The high temperature performance of the die is improved. Due to the high quenching temperature of the steel, the solid solubility of the alloy elements in the matrix is increased, and each alloy element can improve or promote the secondary hardening of the steel and improve the re ignition resistance of the steel. The improvement of flame resistance means good thermal stability, so that the die can still maintain high strength and hardness at high temperature, and the anti deformation ability of the die is improved, so that the die collapse and cavity deformation are greatly reduced.

(3) Better oxidation resistance, the Cr content of the steel is high, and the oxidation resistance is obviously improved by adding s. When forging to 4300 pieces, the groove of the die is still bright, which reduces the friction coefficient and reduces the wear of the die.


5cr2nmovsi steel is often used to manufacture forging dies on various presses and 3T hammer forging dies. The average service life of 5CrNiMo steel is about 05.1 times that of high dry 5CrNiMo steel

5Cr2NiMoVSi products

Product typeProductsDimensionProcessesDeliver Status
Plates/SheetsPlates/Sheets0.08-200mm(T)*W*LForging, hot rolling, and cold rollingAnnealed, Solution and Aging, Q+T, ACID-WASHED, Shot Blasting
Steel BarRound Bar, Flat Bar, Square BarΦ8-1200mm*LForging, hot rolling and cold rolling, CastBlack, Rough Turning, Shot Blasting,
Coil/StripSteel Coil/Steel Strip0.03-16.0x1200mmCold-Rolled&Hot-RolledAnnealed, Solution and Aging, Q+T, ACID-WASHED, Shot Blasting
Pipes/TubesSeamless Pipes/Tubes, Welded Pipes/TubesOD:6-219mm x WT:0.5-20.0mmHot extrusion, Cold Drawn, WeldedAnnealed, Solution and Aging, Q+T, ACID-WASHED

Our Services

1. The price is determined according to the material, size, finishing process and different payment methods

2. Each material has been ut tested

3. We have every kind of material in stock, so we can deliver it in time.

4. The size of steel can be customized according to customer requirements, and the minimum order quantity and specification model can be developed / produced according to international, Chinese or industrial standards

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